Parkinson disease
Parkinsons disease

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Prevalence (%) of clinical parameters based on data from 7 references describing 697 individuals







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Pubmed id number as a reference Organ system affected
Number of patients in the reference Percent affected patients (Between 0 and 1, eg. 0.1 = 10%)
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List of symptoms



Symptom/sign Organ system Percent affected Pubmed id Added on(yyyy-mm-dd) Edit/add reference
Bradykinesia nervous 100 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Rigidity nervous 95 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Anosmia nervous 90 % 3399075 2013-11-04
Tremor nervous 80 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Postural instability nervous 63 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Dysphagia nervous 59 % 22472150 2012-08-24
Gait disturbances nervous 55 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Dysarthria nervous 51 % 21453441 2012-08-24
Basal ganglia pathology nervous 50 % 18972346 2012-08-23
Dementia nervous 48 % 15551331 2012-07-27
Urinary urgency urinary 44 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Neuropathy nervous 38 % 22049200 2012-08-23
Sialorrhea nervous 37 % 21453441 2012-08-24
Hyperactive reflexes nervous 33 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Psychiatric symptom nervous 25 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Orthostatic hypotension nervous 22 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Dysphagia nervous 18 % 21453441 2012-08-24
Dystonia nervous 16 % 15955954 2012-06-10
Dementia nervous 5 % 15955954 2012-06-10



List of references:


The PINK1 phenotype can be indistinguishable from idiopathic Parkinson disease.
A Albanese, E M Valente, L M Romito, E Bellacchio, A E Elia, B Dallapiccola,



Neurology - Jun 2005



Olfactory dysfunction in parkinsonism: a general deficit unrelated to neurologic signs, disease stage, or disease duration.
R L Doty, D A Deems, S Stellar,



Neurology - Aug 1988



Analysis of oropharyngeal dysphagia through fibroendoscopy evaluation of swallowing in patients with Parkinson's disease.
Melissa Correa-Flores, Emilio Arch-Tirado, Alicia Villeda-Miranda, Karina Elizabeth Rocha-Cacho, Antonio Verduzco-Mendoza, Xochiquetzal Hernández-López,



Cirugia y cirujanos -



Oro-buccal symptoms (dysphagia, dysarthria, and sialorrhea) in patients with Parkinson's disease: preliminary analysis from the French COPARK cohort.
S Perez-Lloret, L Nègre-Pagès, A Ojero-Senard, P Damier, A Destée, F Tison, M Merello, O Rascol, ,



European journal of neurology - Jan 2012



MRI assessment of basal ganglia iron deposition in Parkinson's disease.
Lauren I Wallis, Martyn N J Paley, Jacqueline M Graham, Richard A Grünewald, Emma L Wignall, Harriet M Joy, Paul D Griffiths,



Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI - Nov 2008



Sydney Multicenter Study of Parkinson's disease: non-L-dopa-responsive problems dominate at 15 years.
Mariese A Hely, John G L Morris, Wayne G J Reid, Robert Trafficante,



Movement disorders : official journal of the Movement Disorder Society - Feb 2005



Neuropathy in Parkinson disease: prevalence and determinants.
Yusuf A Rajabally, Jean Martey,



Neurology - Nov 2011