Vici syndrome

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Description from OMIM

Vici syndrome is a rare congenital multisystem disorder characterized by agenesis of the corpus callosum, cataracts, pigmentary defects, progressive cardiomyopathy, and variable immunodeficiency. Affected individuals also have profound psychomotor retardation and hypotonia due to a myopathy (summary by Finocchi et al., 2012).



Prevalence of clinical parameters (%)







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Pubmed id number as a reference Organ system affected
Number of patients in the reference Percent affected patients (Between 0 and 1, eg. 0.1 = 10%)
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List of symptoms



Symptom/sign Organ system Percent affected Pubmed id Added on(yyyy-mm-dd) Edit/add reference
Corpus callosum agenesis nervous 100 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Hypopigmentation integumentary 100 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Immune deficiency lymphatic 100 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Myopathy skeletal 100 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Developmental delay nervous 100 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Hypotonia nervous 100 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Corpus callosum agenesis nervous 100 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Hypopigmentation integumentary 100 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Recurrent infections lymphatic 100 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Failure to thrive multi 100 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Cataract nervous 93 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Cardiomyopathy circulatory 83 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Cardiomyopathy circulatory 80 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Retinal hypopigmentation nervous 80 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Cerebellar atrophy nervous 71 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Cataract nervous 67 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Hearing loss nervous 60 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Vermis hypoplasia nervous 60 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Seizures nervous 50 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Seizures nervous 50 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Cortical dysgenesis nervous 40 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Microcephaly nervous 33 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Cleft lip or palate skeletal 33 % 10405446 2014-05-09
Cleft lip or palate skeletal 20 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Nystagmus nervous 20 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Thymus hypoplasia lymphatic 20 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Hepatopathy digestive 13 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Persistent foramen ovale circulatory 13 % 23222957 2014-05-09
Syndactyly skeletal 13 % 23222957 2014-05-09



List of references:


Recessive mutations in EPG5 cause Vici syndrome, a multisystem disorder with defective autophagy.
Thomas Cullup, Ay Lin Kho, Carlo Dionisi-Vici, Birgit Brandmeier, Frances Smith, Zoe Urry, Michael A Simpson, Shu Yau, Enrico Bertini, Verity McClelland, Mohammed Al-Owain, Stefan Koelker, Christian Koerner, Georg F Hoffmann, Frits A Wijburg, Amber E ten Hoedt, R Curtis Rogers, David Manchester, Rie Miyata, Masaharu Hayashi, Elizabeth Said, Doriette Soler, Peter M Kroisel, Christian Windpassinger, Francis M Filloux, Salwa Al-Kaabi, Jozef Hertecant, Miguel Del Campo, Stefan Buk, Istvan Bodi, Hans-Hilmar Goebel, Caroline A Sewry, Stephen Abbs, Shehla Mohammed, Dragana Josifova, Mathias Gautel, Heinz Jungbluth,

Vici syndrome is a recessively inherited multisystem disorder characterized by callosal agenesis, cataracts, cardiomyopathy, combined immunodeficiency and hypopigmentation. To investigate the molecular basis of Vici syndrome, we carried out exome and Sanger sequence analysis in a cohort of 18 affected individuals. We identified recessive mutations in EPG5 (previously KIAA1632), indicating a causative role in Vici syndrome. EPG5 is the human homolog of the metazoan-specific autophagy gene epg-5, encoding a key autophagy regulator (ectopic P-granules autophagy protein 5) implicated in the formation of autolysosomes. Further studies showed a severe block in autophagosomal clearance in muscle and fibroblasts from individuals with mutant EPG5, resulting in the accumulation of autophagic cargo in autophagosomes. These findings position Vici syndrome as a paradigm of human multisystem disorders associated with defective autophagy and suggest a fundamental role of the autophagy pathway in the immune system and the anatomical and functional formation of organs such as the brain and heart.

Nature genetics - Jan 2013



Albinism and agenesis of the corpus callosum with profound developmental delay: Vici syndrome, evidence for autosomal recessive inheritance.
M del Campo, B D Hall, A Aeby, M C Nassogne, A Verloes, C Roche, C Gonzalez, H Sanchez, A Garcia-Alix, F Cabanas, R M Escudero, R Hernandez, J Quero,

We report on two sibs and two other unrelated patients with agenesis of corpus callosum, oculocutaneous albinism, repeated infections, and cardiomyopathy. All manifested postnatal growth retardation, microcephaly, and profound developmental delay. Additional central nervous system anomalies present in at least one patient included hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, white matter neuronal heterotopia, or bilateral schizencephaly. Repeated viral, bacterial, and fungal infections were consistent with a primary immunodeficiency. However, immunological studies showed variable, nonspecific findings. Cardiomyopathy with progressive heart failure or infection led to death before age 2 years in three of the patients. This syndrome was first described by Vici et al. [1988: Am. J. Med. Genet. 29:1-8]. The four patients reported herein confirm this unique disorder. Affected sibs of both sexes born to unaffected parents provide evidence for autosomal recessive inheritance.

American journal of medical genetics - Aug 1999